Concentration of European Patent Attorneys per Capita

If European Patent attorneys were equally distributed across countries, each state would exhibit a similar number of patent attorneys per capita. This is not the case, substantial differences can be shown. San Marino (774 patent attorneys per million inhabitants) and Liechtenstein are leading the score by far. These values are so high that both countries are left out in the diagram and only listed in the table below. It’s not the absolute number of patent attorneys which is responsible for these exorbitant values, but the size of the inhabitants while having some few patent law firms. Also the next two countries – Monaco and Iceland – can be categorized as such, but their numbers (79 and 70 patent attorneys per million inhabitants) are not really outliers compared to the first bigger nations in the ranking.

european-patent-attorneys-per-million-inhabitants

 

Those are Switzerland (60 attorneys/million) and Germany (45 attorneys/million), which are also among the countries with the most absolute number of European Patent Attorneys. Furthermore, Denmark, Sweden and the United Kingdom can be found in the Top 10, characterized by values between 32 and 40 patent attorneys per million inhabitants.

Notable are the rather low figures in several large countries: France (15 attorneys/million, rank 18), Italy (8 attorneys/million, rank 30) and Spain (4 attorneys/million, rank 34). Whether this is due to a low innovative strength, an acceptance of innovative products below average in the market, or other causes cannot be answered by the data.

However, economic strength of a nation is certainly a factor among others. Therefore, considering the current economic situation it is not surprising that Greece is second to last in this list.

On average, 17.5 patent attorneys per million inhabitants can be found in the contracting states of the European Patent Organization. The following table illustrates the figures.

On the next page, patent attorneys working in patent law firms and industrial corporations are being separated.

 

Country Patent Attorneys Inhabitants (Mil.) Patent Attorneys per Mil. Inhabitants
San Marino 24 0.031 774.2
Liechtenstein 17 0.036 472.2
Monaco 3 0.038 78.9
Iceland 21 0.3 70.0
Switzerland 482 8 60.3
Germany 3,661 80.2 45.6
Denmark 224 5.6 40.0
Luxembourg 20 0.5 40.0
Sweden 351 9.5 36.9
United Kingdom 2,020 63 32.1
Finland 170 5.4 31.5
Netherlands 459 16.7 27.5
Estonia 26 1.3 20.0
Norway 96 5 19.2
Belgium 188 11.1 16.9
Austria 128 8.4 15.2
Cyprus 12 0.8 15.0
France 976 65.3 14.9
Slovenia 29 2.1 13.8
Ireland 61 4.5 13.6
Macedonia 28 2.1 13.3
Malta 5 0.4 12.5
Latvia 21 2.2 9.5
Czech Republic 99 10.5 9.4
Bulgaria 66 7.3 9.0
Poland 327 38.5 8.5
Albania 26 3.2 8.1
Lithuania 26 3.2 8.1
Hungary 79 10 7.9
Italy 470 60.8 7.7
Serbia 53 7.2 7.4
Slovakia 36 5.4 6.7
Croatia 27 4.4 6.1
Spain 177 46.2 3.8
Portugal 40 10.5 3.8
Romania 60 21.4 2.8
Greece 24 11.3 2.1
Turkey 92 74 1.2
Total 10,624 606.4 17.5